ProEntranse is a partner in the BOND project, together with 16 other partners from 12 countries. ProEntranse’s role and commitment in the BOND project is to organize the activities for LAB Experiemnet in Moldova during 2020. It consists of a Training on Farmer organization empowerment through bonding capital and will take form in three different events to be organized between January and April in Chisinau, Moldova has been selected as country were to implement the lab activities, which is called experimental because it aims at putting in practice, applying and evaluating the methodological tools, the findings and the results achieved through BOND activities and meetings along the two years of implementation.
In this context, our participation in the events organized by EcoRuralis during 2019, and especially National Workshop and Regional Roundtable and the event Youth Forum which was planed for spring 2020, helped us get a better understanding and close cooperation with great potential for developing partnerships and joint activities for the future.
Below you can see Iurie Usurelu’s story about participating in the event organized by Ecoruralis in Cluj Napoca:
At the end of November 2019, within the ProEntranse delegation, which represented the Republic of Moldova, I participated in an unusual event that took place in Romania, Cluj Napoca, the regional policy round table regarding the access of small farmers to the main source of production – the earth have been discussed. Why is it unusual? – because in a short period of time it has been possible to create a friendly platform for discussions and debates on a series of challenges that appear in the day-to-day work of both companies of technical assistance and directly in the companies of the beneficiaries – the small farmers. Last but not least, I want to mention, the framing of international expertise in the discussions that took place within the round table.
At this forum, we from the Republic of Moldova came with a presentation and expertise regarding the situation with access to the main source of existence of the farmer, THE LAND. How important the land is for the farmers, which are the biggest challenges encountered, how to do the small farmers, who own or manage small areas that can not ensure the implementation of advanced technologies to survive under the conditions of competition with the big land managers – a constituted the red thread of the presentation and subsequent discussions that took place.
The experience of the Republic of Moldova as an agricultural country based on the private ownership of farmers on the land dates back to the mid-1990s, with the beginning of the privatization process and the shift from the collective form of agricultural business management to the private form. In this period, through the elaboration and implementation of the land privatization reform, a new era has begun in the development of the country’s agricultural sector. As a result, in Moldova, the inhabitants of the rural areas received the parcels of land that ranged from 0.82 to 4 ha, and the farmers’ class also appeared and subsequently the first land code was developed which laid the legal basis for managing the land in -a new shape. Furthermore, aslo during this period, the first farmers’ organizations that represented the interests of the members appeared, as well as the first collective economic entities of the farmers – agricultural cooperatives. All the ones listed were listed by the legal authorities of the country as the first stage in the development of the new type of land relations, which took place immediately after the declaration of Moldova’s independence.
The second stage in the development of land relations in Moldova is – the period of stabilization of the land market and the development of agricultural enterprises based on private property on the land. This period is characterized by the massive consolidation of land, the formation of Limited Liability Companies that consolidated their production capacities by leasing and buying from the owners the shares of land that were returned to the inhabitants of the rural areas as a result of privatization, also in the same period the first activities of support of farmers from the state began, or better yet the Subsidy Fund was created – which later became a mechanism of strategic management of the state in the agricultural sector.
The third stage or the present stage is characterized by the formation of a clear land marker for each „player”, the clear configuration of different categories of agricultural households (from the small to the big ones), specialization on types of products and markets, and also in this period, the production and processing of the ecological began to be more visible.
A separate role, in the presentation, was assigned to the problems of small farmers. Being a class based on the possibilities of a farmer’s family, both according to the workforce (mainly with family members) and the means of production – the land, the farmers are faced largely by the unreliable competition from the medium and large enterprises. Specifically this is the competition, which is aggravated by the limited access in the markets, making this category of farmers the most vulnerable. Although they represent over 60% of all household waste operating in the sector – small businesses face many problems.
The attempt to come up with solutions to the problems raised by the farmers, facilitating an open dialogue, based on real examples and discussed in an appropriate environment were those who efficiently succeeded at this round table.
This Project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No. 774208.